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Electric Vehicles Emit Less Carbon, On Average, than Combustion Engine Vehicles

Fuels Institute Releases Research Comparing Life Cycle Emissions of Different Vehicles

ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan. 25, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The Fuels Institute today released a new report evaluating the life cycle carbon emissions of electric, internal combustion and hybrid electric vehicles.

"Life Cycle Analysis Comparison - Electric and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles" evaluated the life cycle environmental impact of three vehicle types: Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV), Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles (ICEV), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV). The report compared the energy sources that power them, the effect of external variables on life cycle carbon emissions and the corresponding total cost of ownership that affects consumers.

"The Fuels Institute was not seeking to publish a definitive answer to the debate concerning which vehicles are cleaner, but rather we wanted to provide an objective evaluation to help guide discussions focused on how we might improve emissions throughout the transportation market," explained Fuels Institute Executive Director John Eichberger.

Over a 200,000-mile life cycle, key findings include:

  • Based upon the U.S. average electricity sector, BEVs emit 41% fewer tons of greenhouse gases than comparable ICEVs. HEVs emit 29% fewer tons of greenhouse gases than ICEVs and 21% more than BEVs.
  • How electricity is generated matters - in low carbon electricity markets, BEVs emit 71% fewer tons of greenhouse gases than ICEVs; in extremely high carbon electricity markets, BEVs emit 16% more than ICEVs and 59% more than HEVs.
  • 72% of greenhouse gases emitted by BEVs are associated with electricity generation.
  • Over a 10-year period, on average, BEVs and HEVs represent an 8% lower total cost to own compared with an ICEV, driven primarily by lower fuel expenditures.

Download the entire free report here.

The Fuels Institute, founded by NACS in 2013, is a non-profit research-oriented think tank that evaluates market issues related to vehicles and the fuels that power them, incorporating the perspective of diverse stakeholders to develop and publish peer-reviewed, comprehensive, fact-based research projects. The Fuels Institute is a non-biased organization that does not advocate.

Marjorie Kass

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SOURCE Fuels Institute